Sunday, November 27, 2011

Female Genital Mutilation among Bohra Muslims - A report

Female Genital Mutilation among Bohra community of India and Pakistan, and it is predominantly prevalent in Eritrea and Ethiopia; both Christian majority nations. 



Two more academic papers are available to read on this site:
1. Setting the record Straight, Female Genital Mutilation http://worldmuslimcongress.blogspot.com/2012/04/mutilating-facts-setting-record.html

2. Please visit the 2nd posting with scientific knowledge at http://worldmuslimcongress.blogspot.com/2013/06/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm.html

I applaud the courage of Mr. Danish Ahmed for reporting this issue head on in his magazine Indian Muslim Observer. There is a lot that goes on in our societies, Muslim, Hindu, Christian, and Sikh or otherwise, in this instance a large number of Bohra Muslim Women are being genitally mutilated in secrecy, as it is an illegal practice within several cultures.
Even if one woman, Muslim or otherwise is deprived of her God given pleasures of life, it must be stopped. Standing up against oppression is one big aspect of being a Muslim.
Injustice to anyone and particularly women will eat away the morality of the society from within.  Oppression cannot go on for long. Every religion has been a medium to restore righteousness in the society, the guidance is universal including Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) who said, the least thing you can do against injustice is to speak up. Speaking up is the right thing to do.  


Tasleem deserves the applauding, even though she has endured pain and suffering, she has decided to put an end to this. We need to join her efforts in putting an end to this misery. Certainly, a few men will ridicule it, but she will have her rewards from Allah and the Prophet for the doing the right thing, bringing justice to generations of women. May God bless her.  


Warning: The pictures too graphic, especially the one with raw blade. Most of the pictures are from Africa to illustrate the point and perhaps due to the limited availability of such practices.


This is a horrendous practice that all of us must stop. I can hear a few Muslims, just a handful of Muslims in each Muslim gathering asking this to the Danish Ahmed.

1.
Why did he not talk with the community first?
2.
Why did he have to feed the right wingers with more to belittle Muslims?
3. Is there an empirical data to claim 90% of Bohra community practices this?

It is quite possible that His Highness Syedna Burhanuddin, the spiritual leader of the Dawoodi Bohra Muslims may not be aware of this practice happening right under his nose, just as CIA did not see Mubarak's exit or the seedlings for the protests in the Middle East, ISI and Pakistani Military did not know Osama Bin Laden was hiding right in their own backyard and Mossad has been wrong about Iran and other pronouncements.

Obviously the issue is simmering for a long time, but no one may have dared the establishment, and even possible that the protests were put down.  As Muslims we need to give full support to this movement that is what makes us Muslims; to speak up and do everything possible to bring justice to every human in the society.

If we don’t fulfill our responsibility, the suffering will go on further, but it will affect us all of us. This is not a Bohra issue, nor the Muslim issue; it is the human rights issue. It’s not them, it is us, we are all in this together to create a better society for each one of us and it reflects and affects us all.
I do hope the Syedna will make a quick call to end this practice, if he has not already done. Please do the least thing you can do – sign the petition: http://www.change.org/petitions/hh-dr-syedna-ban-female-circumcision-ladkiyon-par-khatna 
By the way, the male circumcision among Jews and Muslims is not the same, it has a history of over 3000 years and it is not done secretly to be evil and further more it is professionally done to ensure the safety of the circumcised.  The following article was cited in cancelling the bill to ban circumcision in San Francisco and Santa Monica.  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mike-ghouse/circumcision-satire_b_872270.html
Mike Ghouse
Muslims together committed to cohesive and just societies
www.IslamTogetherFoundation.com


Links:
Uproar over Female Genital Mutilation: Bohra Muslim woman activist launches campaign on Facebook to ban practices


Indian Muslim Journal
By Danish Ahmad Khan


'Female khatna' (circumcision) or Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), which is widely prevalent in Africa and the Middle East among sections of Muslim, has come under sharp criticism by a female activist who has termed it grossly 'inhuman, unjust and un-Islamic' and is clamoring for a ban on its practice. The activist, who prefers to be named Tasleem, has launched a campaign on Facebook and making sincere efforts to collect signatures to petition the Bohra High Priest His Holiness Dr. Syedna Mohammad Burhanuddin ordering a ban on this ritual and stop this cruelty being foisted on Bohra females. The activist has urged the people to actively take part in this campaign against FGM and sign the Online Petition [https://www.change.org/petitions/hh-dr-syedna-ban-female-circumcision-ladkiyon-par-khatna-2] to put adequate pressure on HH Dr. Syedna Mohammad Burhanuddin to finally put an end to this abhorring and ghastly practice. Further details can also be seen on www.stopfgmc.org. Tasleem can also be contacted at stopcruelfgm@gmail.com.


http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-ChSEcbyiYjg/TsH0zL0LTrI/AAAAAAAAEjU/8yuOfgq_jRs/s1600/Female+Genital+Mutilation-Source-middle-east-info.org.jpg
Tasleem, who belongs to the Bohra Muslim sect, recently wrote to this writer drawing attention towards FGM, which takes place only amongst Bohra Muslims in India and Pakistan, seeking to raise her voice. After being assured by this writer to promptly raise this important issue, Tasleem wrote in her reply: "I'm so glad a Muslim is speaking against a cruel procedure. Female khatna or Female Genital Mutilation happens in Africa, Middle East primarily. But in India and Pakistan it happens only amongst Bohris. There are 4 types of FGM. The Bohris practice Type 1, whereby they cut the clitoris hood of a young girl, usually without any anaesthesia. Ninety percent of the Bohri community still practices this ritual religiously. Only a small percentage of the progressive Dawood Bohri community has stopped this practice. Even the expats and NRIs who send their daughters to posh schools get FGM done. This is essentially done to prevent homosexuality, masturbation, and to subdue a girl's desires so that she doesn't marry out of the community or have extra-marital relationships. "


Tasleem further states: "This is an African custom dating back to Before Christ. Even the Christian tribes in some African countries perform this. Some Maulla (Bohri priest) brought it to India and they think it is an Islamic mandatory. The funny thing is that most Bohri men do not even know about this. In most of the cases, it is only after their marriage they are informed about this by their respective wives. I also spoke to some Bohri fathers who didn't know that it had happened to their wives and daughters. A lot of bullshit reasons like it 'prevents cancer', 'prevents white discharge' etc is given. However, the bottomline is to keep the girl in control. And like they say a slave falls in love with his chains, the mother forgets the ordeal she went through and gets it done to her little girl. And so the tradition continues. If you can help me raise awareness and get signatures, I'd be extremely grateful to you on behalf of all Bohri girls."



The issue of Female Genital Mutilation amongst Bohra Muslims raised by Tasleem is surely an important one, particularly when it is being practiced in the name of Islam. This also brings into sharp focus the unholy and absurd role being played by the Bohra clergy, as well as by the clergy of other Muslim sects on most occasions. This important issue has also highlighted the vulnerability of Muslim masses and the stranglehold that the Muslim clergy seeks to further tighten on the community. And, this sad spectacle by the Muslim clergy is being displayed at a time when Muslims in large numbers are gaining modern education and seeking to empower themselves.


What is Circumcision?


Circumcision is in fact a surgical procedure involving partial or complete removal of the foreskin (prepuce) of the penis. The first evidence of circumcision comes from early Egyptian wall paintings, which are more than 5000 years old. According to recent studies, nearly one-fifth of men worldwide have been circumcised, which has been mostly for religious and cultural reasons. The procedure for circumcision is commonly performed shortly after birth or around puberty.


Female Genital Mutilation


http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-d-8zEMNjbtw/TsH0093IwQI/AAAAAAAAEjg/LCYY3me4ldE/s1600/Female+Genital+Mutilation-Source-fightagainstfgm.yolasite.com1.jpg
Female Genital Mutilation (a form of circumcision) is classified into four major types – Clitoridectomy, Excision, Infibulation, and other forms. Clitoridectomy is partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals) and, in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris). Excision is partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (the labia are "the lips" that surround the vagina). Infibulation is narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris. Other form includes all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, e.g. pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterizing the genital area.


Circumcision to Prevent Future Disease


The main reasons for circumcision includes an immediate medical indication, to prevent future disease, and as an act of religious dedication. The medical reasons attributed to circumcision are to prevent future disease, such as Penile Cancer (Cancer of the Penis). Besides, sexually transmitted infections that cause ulcers on the genitals (syphilis, chancroid, herpes simplex), and are more common in uncircumcised men. Various studies undertaken since 1987 have clearly indicated that uncircumcised male infants are up to 10 times more likely to contract a urinary tract infection (UTI), and one in 100 uncircumcised infants will develop a UTI, compared with 1 in 1000 circumcised infants.


Circumcision as an act of religious dedication


The circumcision of male children is a central feature to both Judaism and Islam. According to Bible's Old Testament, even Christians also practiced circumcision. Though, Bible's New Testament strongly disapproves of such a practice.


Judaism


In the book of Genesis (17: 10-14), circumcision represents the covenant made by God with Abraham and his descendants. Traditional religious circumcision is performed by a mohel, and is usually carried out on the eighth day after birth, unless there is a danger to the child's health, in which case it should be delayed until that danger has passed.


Islam


Circumcision is not mentioned in the Quran, but has the status of sunnah. Only the Shafiite school of law regards circumcision as obligatory (wajib), while the Hanafite, Jafarite, Malikite, Hanbalite and Zaidite regard it as only recommended, because it is sunnah. However, even those who consider circumcision an obligatory duty for themselves do not see it as an essential requirement for others to become a Muslim. Though, the procedure is very commonly practiced and is certainly seen as an important external symbol of submission to God's will.


Christianity


According to Genesis, God told Abraham to circumcise himself, his household and his slaves as an everlasting covenant in their flesh. Those who were not circumcised were to be 'cut off' from their people (Genesis 17:10-14). Also, the Mosaic Law commands that if a woman give birth to a male child, he should be circumcised in the foreskin of his flesh on the eighth day (Lev. 12:2-3), on this, the eighth day from His Nativity, our Saviour accepted the circumcision commanded by the Law. According to the command of the Angel, He received the Name which is above every name: JESUS, which means "Saviour" (Matt. 1:21; Luke 1:31 and 2:21).



Jesus had no problem with circumcising children whatsoever. In fact, he himself was circumcised: "When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, 'Let's go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.' So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby, who was lying in the manger. When they had seen him, they spread the word concerning what had been told them about this child, and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them. But Mary treasured up all these things and pondered them in her heart. The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things they had heard and seen, which were just as they had been told. On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise him, he was named Jesus, the name the angel had given him before he had been conceived. (From the NIV Bible, Luke 2:15-21)"



"This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised. (From the NIV Bible, Genesis 17:10)"


However, the New Testament clearly contradicts the Old Testament on the issue and disapproves of the practice of circumcision among Christians saying it in not required of them. The contradictions between the New Testament and the Old Testament also prove the fact that the Bible had been corrupted and altered by man-made cultural laws.


Female Circumcision among Bohra Muslims


http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-xLD3t7x3O0o/TsH0zzATBHI/AAAAAAAAEjc/wNcIjEQfSVM/s1600/Female+Genital+Mutilation-Source-atlasshrugs2000.typepad.com.jpgCombating Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has emerged as an important policy goal among social activists and feminists in the present times. FGM is the cutting of the clitoris of girls in order to curb their sexual desire and preserve their sexual honor before marriage. Many girls who undergo FGM sometimes bleed to death or die of infection. Most are traumatized. Those who survive can suffer adverse health effects during marriage and pregnancy.


The practice of male circumcision is universal in the Islamic countries, while female circumcision (sunna) is not. In Saudi Arabia, which is considered the cradle of Islam, the practice of female circumcision doesn't take place at all. In Asia, the countries where female circumcision is practiced, includes Malaysia, Indonesia, southern parts of the Arab Peninsula, along the Persian Gulf, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Bahrain, South Yemen and among some sects in Pakistan and Russia. However, in India FGM is widely prevalent among a Muslim sect called the Daudi Bohras, which is an Ismaili Shia sect, numbering approximately half a million and concentrated in the western states of Maharastra and Gujarat. Those residing outside India are primarily found in Pakistan and East. Africa. A highly organised sect, they have a spiritual head known as Dai, Maulana or Syedna. Despite the fact that the sect prides itself on being modern in terms of education, occupation and family planning, His Holiness Dr. Syedna Muhammad Burhanuddin continues to exercise considerable control over his followers.


The Bohras practice the FGM sunna variety in which the prepuce or the tip of the clitoris is removed. Female khatna (circumcision) is performed by mullanis, women who have a semi-religious standing, or by dais or midwives, or by any woman with some experience. As some families become more interested in a safe circumcision, they prefer to go to doctors. The circumcision is done when the girl reaches the age of seven. Though, the choice of this particular age is not clear. However, at this age the girl is considered nadan (innocent) and nasamaj (not capable of understanding). She is considered not capable of understanding what is being done to her and at the same time is considered sufficiently mature to continue the tradition when she has a daughter of her own.


Seventy percent or more among Bohra Muslims follow the practice without questioning it. The main reasons for doing circumcision include: it is obligatory on the parents to do it as it is mentioned in the shariat; it is a tradition/custom in the community; and to curb the girl's sexuality. However, the less commonly cited reasons include: cleanliness and purity; and like male circumcision it represents the attainment of the status of a Muslim.


The main justification for practicing FGM is to curb female sexuality. This is closely related to the sex socialization of Bohra girls. The word sex is simply not mentioned in the community, and it does not exist as far as Bohra girls are concerned. The girls are in fact warned to keep away from strange men. Unlike other Muslim women in India, the sexual desire of Bohra women is curbed both physically and culturally. The task is expectedly accomplished by enforcement from older women of the family.


Even a Bohra doctor admitted that there have been cases of infection, swelling, severe bleeding, shock, tetanus. In some instances circumcision has been a contributory factor in some cases of frigidity as well. However, there has been no systematic attempt to do away with this practice. Though, some of the Bohra doctors working within the confines of the community had tried to take up the matter with the clergy but without success.


An activist of the Bohra Women's Action Forum, founded in 1989, stated that the practice of circumcising the girl is abhorrent. As it is being seen today reformist women have not come to question female circumcision organizationally, but individually a lot of women are opposed to it, and have made sure that it is not done to their daughters.


Profile of a Woman undertaking Female Circumcision job


Here is the typical profile of a woman who undertakes the job of female circumcision in Mumbai. She lives in the heart of a Bohra mohalla, belongs to lower middle class, occupies a dilapidated one room plus kitchen flat and lives together with her son, daughter-in-law and two grandsons. She is 75 years old, uneducated but literate. She has no training in nursing or first aid. Widowed at the age of 30, with three young sons to support, she took the clergy's permission to become gainfully employed by doing female circumcision. She says that she has inherited this work from her family. Her grandmother used to performed khatna but her mother never learnt the trade as she was married in an economically well-to-do family. Her grandmother therefore taught the trade to another Bohra woman acquaintance. She, however, learnt how to circumcise from her grandmother's acquaintance and also got some initial instruction from the wives of clergy. She has been doing this job for the next 35 years, and it has remained her major occupation. She stopped only when her eyesight began to fail. She taught her three daughters-in-law to circumcise. They were already assisting her in this work and learnt the procedure by observation. Permission for the daughters-in-law to practice was duly obtained from the clergy. Today, all the three daughters-in-law do female circumcision and supplement their husband's meager income. She considers that this is honorable work and a perfectly legitimate way for a woman to earn an income. For doing this work the clergy takes care of her and sends her a food ration every month. The community members also take care of her in a similar manner. According to her, no other Muslim group in India other than the Bohras practices it. One of her acquaintances in the mohalla (locality) tells her to stop doing this work and asks her, "Why do you make little girls cry?" She says in her reply that as long as the shariat sanctions it and the clergy support it she will do it but the decision is really that of the women themselves.


http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-o1DsTy7sKe8/TsH02v1b0YI/AAAAAAAAEjw/Q34QkajqlXA/s1600/Female+Genital+Mutilation-Source-greeleygazette.com.jpg
FGM Procedure: She has a rusted box containing five items: the astro— a barber's razor — rusted, with a broken handle (about 8 to 9 inches long, duly blessed by the clergy); a small stone on which to sharpen her razor; a pile of 1" by 1" pieces of paper—this is used to wrap up the foreskin which is thrown away; a small box of indigenous medicine called abeer or kapurkanchi powder mixed with silk thread ash (pure silk threads are burnt, grounded and put through a sieve), this mixture is put over the cut over the clitoris, the powder for its cooling effect and the silk ash for its adhesive value; and lastly, a pile of 1" by 1" pieces of cloth to put on the cut in case of bleeding. According to her, the entire procedure takes a few seconds and if the girl is agitated it takes several minutes. The girl is told to lie on her back on the floor. Her two hands are held over her head by the mother, and her two legs are held down by a woman each. She holds the foreskin in one hand and uses the razor (which she claims has been sterilized) with the other. The foreskin— the size of a yellow moong bean—is excised. No anaesthetic is used for the purpose. There is no bleeding unless the girl is difficult to manage. She recommends to the mother that the genital area be washed with warm water and antiseptic and the girl be given coconut water to drink to help in the discharge of urine. The wound is healed in a day or two. Post circumcision complaints are rare. Occasionally mothers come saying that the girl won't permit them to wash the circumcised guarded by the community women.


Her clients include Daudi and other Bohra subsects such as the Suleimanis and Aliya Bhoras. Occasionally, she has had Arab girls from the Middle East brought to her. When a non-Bohra woman decides to marry a Bohra man and they want a Muslim religious marriage ceremony to be done by the clergy, the woman is asked to be circumcised. In the adult stage the size of the foreskin is that of a channa dal.


History about Bohra Muslims of India


The Bohras of India belong to the Shia Ismaili faith. The Ismailis effectively challenged the Abbasids— the Arab Sunni rulers, and succeeded, with the help of the Berber tribe, in establishing their own state called the Fatimid state, in North Africa which later extended to Egypt and Yemen. The Ismaili movement, from its inception was a proselytizing mission which had spread the network of its missionaries to countries like Persia, Central Asia, Yemen and India. In the eleventh century two missionaries from Egypt and later a few from Yemen landed at the port of Cambay and sought converts to the Ismaili faith. The Bohras imbibed the traditions of the new religion in a thorough manner. Its followers in India have been very scrupulous followers of all the practices prescribed by the shariat.


Besides Bohras, there are similar two other Muslim sects — the Khojas and the Memons. All the three sects are petty business communities from Gujarat, are well structured, and have similar and contemporaneous origin. Though these three Muslim sects hold similarities, but the Khojas and the Memos do not undertake the practice of female circumcision.


The Bohras and the Khojas have a common Shia Ismaili origin, whereas the Memons are a Sunni sect. However, all the three communities have their own distinct identities, important doctrinal differences and generally do not intermarry and have separate closely knit socio-religious structures. Like the Bohras, the Khojas have a highly centralised command structure and are tightly controlled from above. Compared to other Muslim sects, both the Bohras and the Khojas are better educated, culturally well assimilated with other non-Muslim Gujarati communities.


The Khojas or Aga Khanis constitute the Nizari branch of the Ismailis. Most were converted to the Ismaili fold by the Nizari missionaries who came from Iran. The Nizari missionaries used local religious idiom to convert Hindus to their fold. The Prophet and his successor Ali were projected by them as avatars of Krishna and Vishnu. The Khojas for this reason remained highly Hinduised for a long time. It was only during the period of the father of the present Aga Khan that they were encouraged to openly identify themselves with the Muslims in India. The Bohras on the other hand were a highly Islamised sect from the beginning of their conversion. Likewise, the Memons trace their origin to the 700 families, comprising of 6,178 persons belonging to the old and famous Lohana community of Sind in Pakistan. The Lohanas are found in the area where the clitoris is merely nicked.


Worldwide Campaign against FGM


http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-csphZxVq77M/TsH01hoR8SI/AAAAAAAAEjo/xeSzjMUCUwY/s1600/Female+Genital+Mutilation-Source-fightagainstfgm.yolasite.com2.jpgFor almost three decades now FGM has remained a top priority for United Nations agencies and NGOs worldwide. The U.N. Commission on Human Rights had adopted a resolution condemning the FGM practice in 1952. The Economic and Social Council invited the World Health Organization (WHO) to study the persistence of customs subjecting girls to FGM ritual operations in 1958. Three years later the call was again repeated. The practice was denounced by the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in 1979. Later, in 1989 the Convention on the Rights of the Child identified Female Genital Mutilation as a harmful traditional practice. The FGM affects 130 million women in 28 African countries as according to the Demographic and Health Surveys Program, a project funded by the United States Agency for International Development to assist in undertaking medical and reproductive health surveys. The World Health Organization (WHO) issued a joint statement with the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) against the practice of FGM in 1997. The World Health Assembly passed a resolution (WHA61.16) in 2008 on the elimination of FGM, emphasizing the need for concerted action in all sectors - health, education, finance, justice and women's affairs. Even with wider United Nations support a new statement was issued in February 2008 to support increased advocacy for the abandonment of FGM. The 2008 statement documents new evidence collected over the past decade about the practice. It highlights the increased recognition of the human rights and legal dimensions of the problem and provides current data on the frequency and scope of FGM. It also summarizes research about why FGM continues, how to stop it, and its damaging effects on the health of women, girls and newborn babies.


The situation has rather become grim nowadays. Instead of diminishing even as countries continue to modernize, FGM is fast expanding. According to media reports recently (IRIN, September 1, 2011), guidelines on how to perform female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) was issued by the Indonesian Ministry of Health raising fears among medical experts and rights groups that this could well cause an increase in the FGM practice. Media reports quoted Jurnalis Uddin, doctor and lecturer at Yarsi University in Jakarta, as saying that this will give doctors a new motivation to circumcise [girls] because now they can say the Ministry of Health approves of this, and the Indonesian Ulamas' Council approves of it. "Though FGM/C was banned in 2006, two of Indonesia's Muslim organizations, including the largest and mostly moderate Nahdlatul Ulama, ultimately condone the practice advising "not to cut too much", and, as a result, many continue to perform the procedure. By directing health professionals not to cut a girl's genitals but to "scrape the skin covering the clitoris, without injuring the clitoris", the Ministry of Health stands by the regulations, passed in June, as a medically safe form of FGM/C representing an effort to further regulate the illegal practice and protect women," media reports said.


Notwithstanding the Health Ministry's guidelines, dozens of Indonesian groups have questioned the move and raising their voices calling for revoking the guidelines. Frenia Nababan, spokeswoman for the Indonesian Family Planning Association, has vehemently protested the move saying that this gives a justification for health practitioners to damage women's bodies and feared that it will increase control of women's bodies by the state and religious groups. Even Amnesty International has strongly supported the rights groups calling for the guidelines to be revoked partially on the grounds of Indonesia's child protection laws, as well as the government's commitment to the international Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), signed by Indonesia in 1984.


According to the World Health Organization, FGM has no health benefits, and it harms girls and women in many ways. It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls' and women's bodies. Immediate complications can include severe pain, shock, haemorrhage (bleeding), tetanus or sepsis (bacterial infection), urine retention, open sores in the genital region and injury to nearby genital tissue. Long-term consequences can include recurrent bladder and urinary tract infections; cysts; infertility; an increased risk of childbirth complications and newborn deaths; and the need for later surgeries. For example, the FGM procedure that seals or narrows a vaginal opening (type 3 above) needs to be cut open later to allow for sexual intercourse and childbirth. Sometimes it is stitched again several times, including after childbirth, hence the woman goes through repeated opening and closing procedures, further increasing and repeated both immediate and long-term risks.


FGM as ever remains a controversial practice, whose origins continue to be as much debatable. Religious experts contend that FGM is a foreign cultural practice which is not sanctioned in any of Islam's religious texts. While, medical experts say that even a scratch or small cut on the clitoris is a dangerous procedure to perform on infants during FGM. The need of the hour is to spread mass awareness against this ghastly practice and strongly support Tasleem's Facebook campaign by signing online petition in large numbers so that adequate pressure is put on the Bohra High Priest His Holiness Dr. Syedna Mohammad Burhanuddin to ban FGM practice immediately. Such practices like FGM are highly condemnable and should be stopped forthwith.


[Danish Ahmad Khan is Founder-Editor, IndianMuslimObserver.com. He can be contacted at indianmuslimobserver@gmail.com or danish_a_khan@rediffmail.com]

----------------------------------- ADDITIONAL NOTES ----------------------


Thanks for the question: What if “Female circumcision” is performed in healthy legal way ensuring the safety of the woman? Can the practice continue?

First of all, it is not a requirement of any religion; it was the idea of impotent men to prevent their women from knowing the joys of sex, it was their insecurity of losing the woman to secret lovers who can satisfy their women making them feel worthless. Pharaoh was one such impotent man (My observation from the movie) and most men treated women as their chattel (Chastity Belt).

Secondly, FGM amounts to blatant deprivation of a woman’s nature. No one has that right to take away one’s source of pleasure within the structure of the given society.

Thirdly, any act that is done in privacy and secrecy tends to be evil. Be it the incest, rapes, theft, corruption and even “most” wars.

Fourthly, the FMG does not prevent pregnancy.

Finally, the male circumcision among Jews and Muslims is not the same as FGM, it is not done secretly to be evil and further more it is professionally done to ensure the safety of the circumcised. The following article was cited in cancelling the bill to ban circumcision in San Francisco and Santa Monica. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mike-ghouse/circumcision-satire_b_872270.html


The practice is prevalent in Asian Nations

Indeed, some Bohras really believe that it was Sunnat, good brainwashing has been done for generations. I want to make sure we are not stereo typing any group, brainwashing is done with most people -Some Muslims still believe that sharia is a divine law directly from God, some Pakistanis have been brainwashed to believe that Ahamdiyya are not Muslims, "some" Indians believe that 20 Million Hindus were slaughtered during Aurangzeb’s time, some Americans believe that Muslims are here to make them dhimmis... the issue would be a problem when it becomes the psyche of a large number of people in a given demographic - in this case the Bohra.

The Syedna can do away with his magic farman, no one will question him and believe him. Most likely Syedna is not aware of what is going on around him - he lives too much of an insular life and his assistants have become a wall around him to protect him from listening to the issues - they probably paint a glorious picture for him. He needs to mix and mingle with the common public to be in tune with them.

Same goes with the Ismaili community, HH Aga Khan can change things, fortunately he has , he is up with both the Deen, Duniya and human rights and leading is community in the right direction with a balance. He is in tune with the needs and wants of the people and knows his religion very well. He strikes a good balance.

Among Shia, the Ayotallah can make sensible statements and the Shia will listen, so is with the Ahmadiyya, the Khalifa can share his wisdom and they will listen.

The Sunnis have no leadership, it is up for grabs and a lot of them grab it and abuse it.. like the Maudodis, the Banna's and others.

Thanks to the internet, Islam zinda hoga internet ke saath ( Islam will restore to its value with the openness to learning) like the old poem "Islam zinda hota hai her karbala ke baad" (Islam reivives after each conflict or serious discussion) the values of justice, just society and accountability of one's action in creating a harmonious world.

Mike Shared these additional comments at Face book discussions

27 comments:

  1. What a horrific practice sanctioned by Muslim clergy, which has no proven validity by Quran. Muslims need to come out strong against this cruel custom.
    mianwaheed

    ReplyDelete
  2. no, its stupidity not mentioned iin HOLY BOOK "QURAN" ITS BRUTALITY ...

    ReplyDelete
  3. its totally shameful and painful , not mentioned in "QURAN" no concerned with "ISLAM" , its the satisfaction of their own thoughts

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks for the question: What if “Female circumcision” is performed in healthy legal way ensuring the safety of the woman? Can the practice continue?

    First of all, it is not a requirement of any religion; it was the idea of impotent men to prevent their women from knowing the joys of sex, it was their insecurity of losing the woman to secret lovers who can satisfy their women making them feel worthless. Pharaoh was one such impotent man (My observation from the movie) and most men treated women as their chattel (Chastity Belt).

    Secondly, FGM amounts to blatant deprivation of a woman’s nature. No one has that right to take away one’s source of pleasure within the structure of the given society.

    Thirdly, any act that is done in privacy and secrecy tends to be evil. Be it the incest, rapes, theft, corruption and even “most” wars.

    Fourthly, the FMG does not prevent pregnancy.

    Finally, the male circumcision among Jews and Muslims is not the same as FGM, it is not done secretly to be evil and further more it is professionally done to ensure the safety of the circumcised. The following article was cited in cancelling the bill to ban circumcision in San Francisco and Santa Monica. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mike-ghouse/circumcision-satire_b_872270.html

    ReplyDelete
  5. I probably bought 15 pregnancy books while pregnant with my first baby last year and this was by far the best one. Concise (even though long), organized, well indexed and all around well rounded. I recommend the mother of all baby books as well and will be buying the mother of all toddler books when the time comes.

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  6. I am opposed to Female Genital Mutilation. I am also opposed to the Male Genital Mutilation, more commonly known as Circumcision. Just as FGM robs the female victim of sexual pleasure, so does Circumcision rob the male victim of sexual pleasure. Neither one of these horrible practices are mentioned in the Holy Qur'an. I understand that circumcision of males is mentioned in Hadith and Sunna. But how can we be sure that these Hadith and Sunna weren't just made up by people who wished to carry on the pre-Islamic practice of mutilating the sex organs of defenseless children?

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    Replies
    1. Very well said. Thank you! It is just for the Muslim masses to understand and not behave like asses.

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  7. Thank you for this posting.

    Just a small clarification:

    Khojas and Memons are not sects but ethnic groups.

    There are Ithna-Asheri ("Twelver") Khojas, Ismaili Khojas (followers of the Aga Khan), and even Sunni Khojas. There might be other sects/subsects of which I am not aware.

    Similarly, Memons are an ethnic group, predominantly Sunni.

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  8. muslims run the world!!!! Let people do whatever they want to do, stop judging.

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  9. Stfu Muslims do not if anyone it would be Americans or Chinese

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  10. You have more than a 3000 word essay on the female khatna practised among Dawoodi Bohras, yet no pictures of it? All your pictures show either African tribes or Indonesian/South Asian muslims. No Dawoodi Bohras whatsoever. So forgive me if I say the basis of your claim that this is "brutal practice" is ill founded. I've undergone khatna and trust me there is absolutely nothing wrong with my sexual drive or the pleasure I get from sex.

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    1. So why did you undergo it? Have you ever asked yourself that? What is wrong with having a clitoris permanently?

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    2. Its just opposing God's creation to show you are powerful then God. Nobody gets the right to alter any part of other's body even parents.

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  11. whoever published these article,i dont care,,i have done khatna when i was 7 and my daughter too.she is 8 now...nothing is painfull in it...its our tradition..and its sunnat...jisko nhi krna wo bhaar me jaye...

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    Replies
    1. But why the need to remove your God-given body part? It is not like cutting nails or hair, right? Also, it was performed on you and your daughter when both of you were minors. You didn't know whether you wanted it or not. Is that fair? Many girls cry through the procedure, they don't want it, but are forced to do it.

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    2. Muhammad got mad in his 70 and he was not any messenger of Allah. The holy book Quran is not in original form. It has been altered by Hadith's to implement their laws.

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  12. Ahmad ibn Hanbal relates in his "Musnad" (5:75) from Abu al- Malih ibn `Usama's father that the Prophet (s) said: "Circumcision is sunna for men and an honorable quality for women."

    Arabic: al-khitanu sunnatun li al-rijali makrumatun li al-nisa'.

    From Anas ibn Malik: The Prophet (s) said to Umm `Atiyya -- a circumciser of women in Madina: "When you circumcise, let them smell the breeze and do not enfeeble them (= remove very little and do not excise): it brings good cheer to the face and benevolence for the spouse."

    http://www.sunnah.org/msaec/articles/circumci.htm

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    1. You are 100 percent right. The Quran aids and abets FGM.

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  13. pleas don't do kids suffering. what tha tradition.

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  14. Dear all,
    as FGM is not mentioned in any islamic religious BOOk even in Holy QUran.....,,,, and the sects made in islam and man made, so how we critisize islam by these kinds of acts like FGM.. we should protest against those who perform such activities and blaming Islam for such acts... what is SUnnah, we all know,, but female genital mutilation is something else which other sects in islam as mentioned above i.e bohra etc,etc are performing......... we are totally against it,,, even we have never heard that our ancestors have performed such activity and also to mention that we have never heard in SUNNI Sect and there is no evidence like photos of FGM performing in pakistan.......

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  15. Islamic Scholars on Female Genital Mutilation

    Islamic scholars disagree on FGM: some say no obligatory rules exist while others refer to the mention of female circumcision in the Hadith. According to Sami A. Aldeeb Abu Sahlieh, a Palestinian-Swiss specialist in Islamic law:

    The most often mentioned narration reports a debate between Muhammed and Um Habibah (or Um 'Atiyyah). This woman, known as an exciser of female slaves, was one of a group of women who had immigrated with Muhammed. Having seen her, Muhammad asked her if she kept practicing her profession. She answered affirmatively, adding: "Unless it is forbidden, and you order me to stop doing it." Muhammed replied: "Yes, it is allowed. Come closer so I can teach you: if you cut, do not overdo it, because it brings more radiance to the face, and it is more pleasant for the husband."[38]

    Abu Sahlieh further cited Muhammad as saying, "Circumcision is a sunna (tradition) for the men and makruma (honorable deed) for the women."[39]

    While some clerics say circumcision is not obligatory for women, others say it is. "Islam condones the sunna circumcision … What is forbidden in Islam is the pharaonic circumcision,"[40] one religious leader explained. Others, such as the late rector of Al-Azhar University, Sheikh Gad al-Haq, said that since the Prophet did not ban female circumcision, it was permissible and, at the very least, could not be banned.[41]

    In short, some clerics condemn FGM as an archaic practice, some accept it, and still others believe it to be obligatory. It is the job of clerics to interpret religious literature; it is not the job of FGM researchers and activists. There is a certain tendency to confuse a
    liberal interpretation of Islam with the reality women face in many predominately Islamic regions. To counter FGM as a practice, it is necessary to accept that Islam is more than just a written text. It is not the book that cuts the clitoris, but its interpretations aid and abet the mutilation.

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  16. to whomever wrote this article its rather obviously they have never properly studied the bible.
    the fact that the old testament says its right whilst the other says not to do so does not 'prove the fact that the Bible had been corrupted and altered by man-made cultural laws'
    Its got to do with the fact they are two Different Laws given to two Different groups of people. if you wish to try to disprove the bible you should study it first

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  17. First of all, these are Bohras and Bohras are not acceptted Muslims across the globe, and second this iss only propogenda.. so fuck u all

    ReplyDelete
  18. The men of the above mentioned Muslim community should get their penis chopped of too if they believe in chopping clitoris.

    "ISlam"-The most Fucked up Religion of all"

    ReplyDelete
  19. I am a bohra male and after checking the four sunni Islamic madhhabs or schools of thought the shafi and hanbali regard female circumsision to be compusary as male circumsision while the hanafi and Maliki tregard it as sunnah

    ReplyDelete
  20. Bohra males are insecure their wives want to have pleasure outside marriage as they are bad in sexual performance

    ReplyDelete

MUSLIM SPEAKER

MUSLIM SPEAKER
Email to: SpeakerMikeGhouse@gmail.com

Voice of Moderate Muslims

Voice of Moderate Muslims
Voice of Moderate Muslims

Moderate Islam Speaker

Moderate Islam Speaker
Moderate Islam Speaker

quraan burning

Planned Muslim Response to Qur'an Burning by Pastor Jones on September 11 in Mulberry, Florida

PRESS RELEASE
August 19, 2013| Dallas, Texas

Mike Ghouse
Text/Talk: (214) 325-1916
MikeGhouse@aol.com

Mirza A Beg
(205) 454-8797
mirza.a.beg@gmail.com

www.WorldMuslimCongress.com


PLANNED MUSLIMS RESPONSE TO QUR'AN BURNING BY PASTOR JONES ON 9/11/13 IN MULBERRY, FLORIDA

We as Muslims plan to respond to pastor Terry Jones' planned burning of 3000 copies of Quran on September 11, 2013 in positive terms.

Our response - we will reclaim the standard of behavior practiced by the Prophet concerning “scurrilous and hostile criticism of the Qur’an” (Muhammad Asad Translation Note 31, verse 41:34). It was "To overcome evil with good is good, and to resist evil by evil is evil." It is also strongly enjoined in the Qur’an in the same verse 41:34, “Good and evil deeds are not equal. Repel evil with what is better; then you will see that one who was once your enemy has become your dearest friend.”

God willing Muslims will follow the divine guidance and pray for the restoration of Goodwill, and on that day many Muslim organizations will go on a “blood drive” to save lives and serve humanity with kindness.

We invite fellow Americans of all faiths, races, and ethnicities to join us to rededicate the pledge, “One nation under God”, and to build a cohesive America where no American has to live in apprehension, discomfort or fear of fellow Americans. This event is a substitute for our 10th Annual Unity Day Celebration (www.UnitydayUSA.com) held in Dallas, but now it will be at Mulberry, Florida.

Unwittingly Pastor Jones has done us a favor by invigorating us by his decision to burn nearly 3000 copies Quran on September 11, 2013. Obviously he is not satisfied by the notoriety he garnered by burning one Qur'an last year.

As Muslims and citizens we honor the free speech guaranteed in our constitution. We have no intentions to criticize, condemn or oppose Pastor Terry Jones' freedom of expression. Instead, we will be donating blood and praying for goodness to permeate in our society.

We plan to follow Jesus Christ (pbuh), a revered prophet in Islam as well as Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) – that of mitigating the conflicts and nurturing good will for the common good of the society.

We hope, this event and the message will remind Muslims elsewhere in the world as well, that violence is not the way. Muslims, who react violently to senseless provocation, should realize that, violence causes more violence, and besmirches the name of the religion that we hold so dear. We believe that Prophet Muhammad was a mercy to the mankind, and we ought to practice what we believe and preach. We must not insult Islam by the negative reactions of a few.

We can only hope it will bring about a change in the attitude of the followers of Pastor Jones, and in the behavior of those Muslims who reacted violently the last time Pastor sought notoriety – We hope this small step towards a bridge to peaceful coexistence would propel us towards building a cohesive society.

Like most Americans a majority of Muslims quietly go about their own business, but it is time to speak up and take positive action instead of negative reaction. May this message of peace and goodwill reverberate and reach many shores.

Lastly, we appreciate the Citizens of Mulberry, Florida, Honorable Mayor George Hatch, City Commissioners, police and Fire Chiefs for handing this situation very well. This will add a ‘feather of peace’ in the City’s reputation. We hope Mulberry will be a catalyst in showing the way in handling conflict with dignity and peace.

We thank the Media for giving value to the work towards peace rather than conflict.






URL- http://worldmuslimcongress.blogspot.com/2013/08/planned-muslim-response-to-quran_18.html



Thank you.

CIVIL DIALOGUE

The people in Dallas are making an effort to understand and clean their own hearts first, when we are free from bias, it would be easy to share that with others. Islam teaches us in so many ways to "respect the otherness of others" and it is time we find simple practical ways of doing it.